Facebook’s Building 8 says brain-to-text is closer to reality than you may think

Building 8
Regina Dugan, vice president of engineering of Building 8 at Facebook, speaks on stage during the second day of the annual Facebook F8 developers conference in San Jose, California, April 19, 2017. REUTERS/Stephen Lam

SAN JOSE, Calif. (Reuters) – Facebook on Wednesday pulled aside the curtain on Building 8, a secretive unit headed by a former chief of the Pentagon’s research arm, disclosing that the social media company is studying ways for people to communicate by thought and touch.

Facebook launched Building 8 last year to conduct long-term work that might lead to hardware products. In charge of the unit is Regina Dugan, who led a similar group at Google and was previously director of the US Defense Department’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).

Dugan told software developers at Facebook’s annual F8 conference that the company was modelling Building 8 after DARPA, a government office founded in the 1950s that gave the world the internet and the miniaturised GPS receivers used in consumer devices.

Any hardware rollouts are years away, Dugan said in a speech. Potential products could, if successful, be a way for Facebook to diversify beyond its heavy reliance on advertising revenue.

One example of Building 8’s work so far, Dugan said, was an attempt to improve technology that allows people to type words using their minds.

“It sounds impossible, but it’s closer than you may realise,” Dugan said.

Using brain implants, people can already type eight words a minute, she said. Facebook’s goal, working with researchers at several US universities, is to make the system non-invasive, as well as fast enough so that people can type 100 words a minute just by thinking.

Possible uses include helping disabled people and “the ability to text your friend without taking out your phone,” she said.

Another Building 8 project, she said, was trying to advance the ability to communicate through touch only, an idea with roots in Braille, a writing system for the blind and visually impaired.

A video played at the conference showed two Facebook employees talking to each other through touch. As one employee, Frances, wore an electronic device on her arm, the other, Freddy, used a computer programme to send pressure changes to her arm.

“If you ask Frances what she feels,” Dugan said, “she’ll tell you that she has learned to feel the acoustic shape of a word on her arm.”

In December, Facebook signed a deal with 17 universities including Harvard and Princeton to allow swifter collaboration on projects with Dugan’s team.

(Reporting by David Ingram; Editing by Peter Cooney)

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